Lipoprotein (a)

Lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] is considered an atherogenic risk factor, independent of other lipid parameters and exogenous factors such as diet. Increased Lp(a) levels have a high predictive value for coronary heart disease, especially in combination with elevated LDL-cholesterol.

Reference Ranges

Caucasians< 30 mg/dL< 75 nmol/L
Each laboratory should check if the reference ranges are transferable to its own patient population and determine own reference ranges if necessary. For diagnostic purposes, the results should always be assessed with the patient’s medical history, clinical examinations and other findings.

Increased in

  1. Risk assessment of cardiovascular diseases
  2. Nephrotic Syndrome

Decreased in

  1. Primary biliary cirrhosis
  2. Hypertriglyceridemia
  3. Intake of anabolic steroids


< All Reference Ranges